kukongoza malire

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Kodi malipiro a ngongole ndi otani?

Pansi pa kukongoza malire, yomwe imadziwikanso ngati ngongole yobwereketsa, imamveka m'mabanki monga chiwerengero cha ngongole ya ngongole, komwe mabungwe angongole angapereke ngongole zambiri. The mtengo ina mwachitsanzo, osati kudzera muzitsamba za ngongole, koma kudzera mu malire ochepa.

ina

Ndalama zothandizira ndalama zinalengedwa kuti apereke ndalama zowomboledwa pokhapokha ngati ali ndi ngongole zovuta. Izi ziyenera kukhala zokwanira kukwaniritsa zofunikira za banki kuchuluka ngongole kuphimba. Choncho, ngongole chitetezo ndi ulemu kuti adziwe chitetezo ndi molondola kudziwa phindu chifukwa cha pa kuphunzira. Khalidwe limeneli limatchedwa mtengo ina ndipo ndi tanthauzo malamulo mogwirizana ndi Art. 4 Para. 1 palibe. 74 CRR (Capital Zofunika lamulo) ya katundu, amene wanzeru ziyenera wa marketability tsogolo la kutenga nkhani zawo yaitali katundu losatha, zochitika zamsika zamakono ndi zam'deralo, ntchito zamakono ndi zomveka zogwiritsira ntchito.
Izi ndizo mtengo wamkati wa banki, womwe umatsimikiziridwa pa maziko a zolinga zomwe zilipo. Khalidwe limeneli chingapezeke mu ayambe chuma popanda savutitsa nthawi ndi zokwanira kuti azitha sanali kuchita ngongole. CRRs imagwira bwino kwambiri ndi ndalama zogulitsidwa zogulitsa katundu. Komabe, ziganizo izi zikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuzinthu zina zowonjezera ngongole popanda mavuto komanso mofanana. Khama la mtengo ngongole kokha ntchito kulongosola ngati chimaposa amene akadali chosadziwika pamene kulandira, ndi ina zina ndi zokwanira kuti azitha chofunika zonena ngongole mu chochitika liquidation.

mtengo ina

Mtengo kubweza kukongoza zochokera mtengo msika, osati kutenga nkhani munthu kuopsa kuchira ndi kuopsa mtengo fluctuation a ina ena, kapena convertibility awo mu ndalama, zimenezi kwambiri kapena zochepa msanga. Kuyamikira mavuto monga Ndalama fluctuation kuopsa munthu mu mitengo kuwombola ndi mitengo msika, phindu ambiri fluctuation ngozi, kusinthasintha ngongole mu issuers wa masheya ndi amangawa zina lachitatu ndi msika liquidity. Zowopsazi ziyenera kuwerengedwa mokwanira ndi malire a ngongole. Pachifukwa ichi, kuchuluka kuchotsera opangidwa ndi phindu ina yomwe mavuto amenewa ayenera kuganizira. Choncho ndi kukongoza malire a chiŵerengero kuliika pa mtengo leni ngongole chotero amapereka mbali apamwamba phindu ngongole imene za ngongole masuku pamutu. Malire kukongoza ndi kumamkongoza mtengo chiŵerengero cholinga kudziwa kuchuluka ngongole ndi kulolerana wa zinthu zodziwika chiopsezo pa mtengo uliwonse katundu cikole. Ndi akubwereketsa malire a chimaposa adzakhala anasonyeza, amene si undershot mu kukwaniritsidwa kwa ina ndi Mwina mkulu.

kuopsa

Zowonjezereka ndizoopsa, ndizochepetsera malire ndi zina. Ngati ena nsinga m'boma cikole, kotero kudzakhala foreseeably osati phindu chiopsezo, ngati ngongole chiopsezo wobwereka Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) ndi wokongola kwambiri analetsa ndi mlingo yabwino, pamene wina chifukwa chiwongola dzanja chiopsezo mwa magwiritsidwe yekha pa kukhwima chomangira akhoza inadzudzula. Chifukwa ndi kukongoza malire a zonse 100% phindu lenileni ngongole. The chiopsezo chachikulu, Komabe, Mwachitsanzo pa m'matangadza oyaka pa msika yopapatiza kwambiri ndalama zakunja ndi mlingo zoipa, kuyambira kuwonjezera pa mtengo chiopsezo zace palokha ndalama chiopsezo ndi pano. Komanso, pali chiopsezo chochititsa manyazi. Chifukwa cha zifukwa izi, izo zikhoza kukhala kuti malire kukongoza ndi 0% ndipo ngati ngongole chitetezo si njira.

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