mower

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mower

Der mower chifukwa udzu ndi zomwe mamiliyoni ambiri a eni eni akhala akufuna zaka makumi asanu ndi awiri: msoka wa udzu amene amadula udzu yekha popanda kusuntha ndi kukankhira. Inde, robot imasowa chitsogozo cha munthu kuti apange chirichonse molondola; koma pambuyo pake ali chithandizo chothandiza kuti chiwonetserocho chiziyang'aniridwa bwino nthawi zonse. Amathamanga ndi betri yake malo omwe amamulembera nthawi zonse, ndikusiya udzu kuti usakhale ndi nthawi yaitali. Ubwino ndi njira: palibe udzu wodulidwa chifukwa mapiri ang'onoang'ono omwe amachotsedwa amasiyidwa pansi.

Zimagwira ntchito bwanji Mower?

Mowerzi ali ndi magudumu omwe amayendayenda, ndipo pansi pa mpeni wakuthwa, womwe amagwiritsira ntchito mofananamo ndi mkulima wamakono kuti adule udzu. Komabe, amadula-osati kwambiri-udzu weniweni, pomwe mvula yowonongeka m'malo mwake imadula masamba. Mbali yapadera: imapangitsa udzu kukhala wochepa, ndipo sumachita masewera mpaka udzu wakula ndikutchetcha.

Mphamvuyi imayendetsedwa ndi batri. Mfundo imeneyi ikupezeka tsopano kwa makina oyambirira a udzu. Popeza robot yotchera ndi "wochenjera," amadziŵa kuti mphamvu yake ikufika liti, ndikubwerera kubwalo lake loyendetsa, komwe akudikirira mpaka atakweza, ndikupitiriza ntchito yake.

Ubwino wa Rasenmähroboters

Kupindula kwakukulu kuyenera kukhala nthawi yopulumutsidwa ndi mphamvu. Ngakhale sikuti robot yotchera sichitenga nthawi, koma izi sizingakhale zofanana ndi nthawi yomwe ikufunika kugwirira ntchito ndi udzu wamba. Ubwino winanso ndi wakuti palibe udzu umene umayenera kutayidwa, umene umatanthawuza ntchito yaikulu panthaka yaikulu. Akatswiri amalankhulanso za udzu wochuluka komanso wathanzi pamene robot imakhala yochepa. Zonse mwazokha, wina akhoza kuyankhula za ubwino uwu:

  • ndalama nthawi
  • kupulumutsiramo mphamvu
  • Msuzi wathanzi
  • Palibe zonyansa
  • Kulumikizana kwabwino kwa chilengedwe

Minda yogwiritsira ntchito

Ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito amadabwa ngati mmodzi mower zikanakhala zoyenera kwa iwo. Momwemonso, aliyense angagwiritse ntchito, kumene kwa gulu lina la eni eni chuma chomwe akupeza ndilofunika kwambiri.

Robot ndi yothandiza kwambiri kwa aliyense amene sangathe kupirira mower pamwamba pa katundu wawo. Makamaka pamtunda izi zingakhale zovuta kwambiri. Palinso zifukwa zazing'ono zomwe olemba ntchito ambiri amalongosola kugula kwa mthandizi wotere kumunda. Chifukwa ngakhale chiwembucho si chachikulu kwambiri - nthawi yokhala ndi sabata mlungu uliwonse iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo izi ndizovuta kwenikweni. Komabe, ndi chinthu chabwino kubodza pa "khungu lovunda", ndipo penyani makinawo mumtsinje wa udzu.

Okhudzidwa ndi onse omwe omwe akudwala matenda odwala matendawa amavutika kugunda udzu. Kudula maso ndi kupopera kosalekeza sikusangalatsa kwambiri. Matendawa angapezenso ndi robot ya udzu.

Ndi mitundu yanji Rasenmährobotern alipo?

Momwemo, pali mitundu iwiri ya Rasenmährobotern:

  1. Mitundu ina imayang'aniridwa ndi mphamvu zamagetsi
  2. Wina ndi waya woperekera

Pankhaniyi, malo omwe robot amayenera kuyenda, ayenera kukhazikitsidwa ndi waya wochepa. M'kati mwa waya uyu woponya madzi amayenda. Pachifukwa china, masensa amatsimikizira kuti wokhomerera amazindikira ngati ali pamsana. Pachifukwachi, kupatulidwa koyenera kumayenera kupangidwa pakati pa udzu ndi mabedi ndi maluwa kapena mbewu, popeza iye sawazindikiranso ngati udzu ndi mowera.

Zabwino kwambiri zamakono mower

Mofanana ndi zipangizo zina, opanga amapanga njira zatsopano zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mosavuta komanso kuchita bwino. Choncho, ndibwino kuti tithe kuthana ndi "mndandanda wa kugunda" wa robot yotchetcha musanagule, popeza pali nthawi yatsopano yopezeka pano.

Malingana ndi ndemanga za makasitomala ndi chidziwitso cha opanga, tapanga ziweruzo ndipo tsopano tikhoza kukupatsani malangizo othandiza.

Pa webusaiti yathu, tinayesa zojambula zomwe timakonda komanso timapanga mavidiyo abwino. Pano mudzapeza lalikulu Kuwombola kwa robot.

Pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo za "munda" zomwe zili zokwanira, zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito 1.000 Euro, munthu ayenera kumvetsetsa katundu wambiri mu thumba, kuyambira pamenepo ntchito yabwino imathandiza.

Nkofunika kuti kukula kwa chidutswa chomwe chiyenera kubedwa ndibwino kwambiri ndi zomwe zimaperekedwa ku robot yotchetcha ndi wopanga. Pomwepo chipangizochi chikhoza kugwira bwino ntchito yake.

Tikupereka pano zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri pazochita zawo zabwino:

Accu ndi mphamvu

Pankhani ya ntchito ya batri, njira za zipangizo zambiri zatsala kale. Komabe, zipangizo zabwino zambiri zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito pa microscope zimagwira ntchito ndi batri ya lithiamu-ion ya 18 Volt. Kupatulapo, mwachitsanzo, ndi Wolf Robo Scooter 500 ndi IMow Mi-322 C, omwe ali ndi mabatire amchere-acid, omwe ali amphamvu kwambiri a 24 Volt. Batri ya lithiamu-ioni yomwe ili pafupi 30 Volt imapereka imodzi Chikondi Chamanja.

M'dera la udzu, lomwe lingathe kubedwa, kusiyana kuli kale. Mwachidziwikire, munthu akhoza kusiyanitsa pakati pa zipangizo pansi pa 500 mita mamita, omwe amapanga pakati pa 500 ndi 1.000 mamita asanu ndi awiri ndi omwe ali oyenerera udzu waukulu.

Pa nthawiyo mower akuyenera kubwezeretsa batri yake yowonjezera. Pa nthawiyi Husqvarna Automower 430X Mphindi 65 yokha yomwe ingathe kuyendetsa bateri ndikuyendetsa maminiti a 135, ili ndi maulendo ena omwe amatchulidwapo 60-70 nthawi yowonjezera, kuti athe kuyendetsa nthawi yomweyo (pafupifupi ola limodzi).

Kuyanjana kwa anthu ndi khalidwe

Ndi ntchito yosavuta komanso khalidwe lapamwamba limabwera Husqvarna Automower 430 X kwambiri kwambiri. Ngakhale m'bale wake wamng'ono 320 mukhoza kupota mfundo m'magulu onsewa. Gardena akupeza zambiri kuphatikizapo malangizo ake, omwe ndi zitsanzo zabwino. Zokonzera, zomwe ziri mwachindunji pa mower akhoza kusintha bwino.

Robot yachitsulo yochokera ku Bosch ndi dzina lakuti Indego ingagwiritsenso ntchito ndi khalidwe labwino komanso losavuta kukhazikitsa ndi mapulogalamu. Wotsatira Indego Connect Angagwiritsidwe ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mafoni monga foni yamakono.

Apo pali mmbulu kuchokera ku Wolf Chowombera cha Robo 500, Apanso, ntchitoyi ndi yophweka.

Zotsatira zakutchetcha ndi kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake

The Husqvarna Automower zambiri ndi kayendedwe ka ufulu. Udzu ukhoza kukhala ndi chithunzi chabwino kwambiri. Mchitidwe wodula umatchulidwa kuti ndi wabwino kwambiri. Zitsulo zitatu zing'onozing'ono zowonongeka ndi kuzungulira ngati lumo. Kusinthanitsa kwa kusinthana kuyenera kusinthanitsa kwa zotsatira zabwino miyezi iwiri kapena itatu iliyonse.

Gardena amachititsanso kuti ma robot ake azigwira ntchito yomasuka. Njira zowonongeka zogwirira ntchito zimatsimikizira kuti wogula ntchitoyo wakhala kumapeto kulikonse ndipo udzu uli bwino ngakhale.

Bosch amadzipereka kuti aziduladula kwambiri. Njira yowonongeka bwino ikuwerengedwa ndi unit palokha. Njira yochepetsera ndi yosiyana ndi yomwe yapita kale: njira zofanana zimapereka malo ogwira ntchito popanda malo osalidwa.

Zipangizo zonsezi zili ndi kusintha kwa msinkhu, kuti mudziwe momwe udzu umayenera kukhalira. Zina mwa zitsanzozi zili ndi kusintha kwa 7 kwa maonekedwe a 10, monga Indego kuchokera ku Bosch.

Voliyumu kuntchito

Ma robot opeta ali ndi ubwino kuti athandizenso ntchito yawo Lamlungu ndi maholide, zomwe sizili choncho ndi msowa wamba wamba. Chifukwa mphamvu ya robot imathandiza kuti nthawi zambiri ikhale yolimba. Komabe, palinso kusiyana.

The Husqvarna zitsanzo makamaka bata pansi 60 dB, pamene chipangizo ndi Wolf wapitirira 77 dB. Bosch amabweretsa buku la 75 dB pamwamba. onse mower Komabe ndizomwe zili pansi pa msuzi wanu wachitsulo wamba ndipo motero sichichititsa kuti phokoso liwonongeke.

Pa izi muyenera kugula Rasenmähroboters kulabadira

Ngati adagula kuti robot yotereyo yayigula ndipo mwinamwake ngakhale imodzi kapena chitsanzo china chasandulika, izi ziyenera kuonedwa bwinobwino.

Padzakhala pali mtundu umodzi wa sayansi yamattery. Lero makamaka mabatire a lithiamu-ion omwe amaikidwa. Izi ndizofunikira chifukwa zimakhala zosagwirizana ndi msangamsanga wa katunduyo, komanso zimakhala zolemera kwambiri.

Ngati zikuwoneka kuti mukutha kugwiritsa ntchito makompyuta osati m'manja, zingakhale zothandiza kwa inu - mwinamwake chifukwa cha malo osiyana siyana - kuti musinthe msinkhu wokhawokha.

Ngati kuli kofunikira kuti m'mphepete mwazinthu zidulidwe, ndi bwino kugula imodzi Rasenmähroboters ndi zomwe zimatchedwa pamphepete ntchito.

Nthawi zonse, robot yotchetcha imafuna chingwe chochepa. Aliyense yemwe akufuna kukhala ndi munda wawo wojambulidwa ndi robot ayenera poyamba kuganizira bwino kumene ayenera kuyika chingwe ndipo ngati chinachake chingasinthike m'munda wamaluwa pambaliyi. Mitengo ndi zinthu zina zazikulu - koma waya woperewera amayenera kuikidwa pambali pa bedi la maluwa. Mitengo yowonjezereka kwambiri ndiyo robot yotchetcha yomwe imazindikira kutulukira. Komabe, m'pofunika apa kuti mabedi ndi osiyana amakhala ndi magawo osiyana, popeza kuti mvulayo imangopitirira kusintha pakati pa udzu ndi maluwa.

Ngati pali malo otsetsereka m'deralo, izi ziyenera kukhala ngati peresenti. Mabotolo ambiri amafuula pozungulira 35%. Koma pali zipangizo zamakono zomwe zimapangitsanso malo otsetsereka. Koma muyenera kuwafufuza.

Chofunika kwambiri: kukula kwa munda. Pano, mvulayo iyenera kukhala yeniyeni, yomwe mower amayenera kupirira ndi yomwe yapangidwa. Mamita asanu ndi awiri akuwonetsedwa pa chipangizo chimene chinapangidwa.

Chotsatira: voliyumu. Pano mvulayo sayenera kukhala yochuluka kuposa 75 dB, yomwe imakhala pafupi ndi aspirum cleaner. Zomwe zili pamwambazi zingakhale zosokoneza. Koma zimadalira ngati chidutswa cha udzu chimakhala chapatali kwambiri kuchokera panyumba.

Kumene mungagule mower zabwino: malonda kapena pa intaneti?

Inde, zonsezi zili ndi ubwino ndi zovuta. Vuto ndilo kuti mutenge malangizo a wogulitsayo kwaulere. Mwatsoka, luso lake nthawi zambiri limakhala lochepa, makamaka mmisika yomanga ndi kumunda. Komabe, mukhoza kukhala ndi mwayi mu malonda enieni ndikukumana naye mnzanu yemwe amadziwa zomwe akunena. Palinso, malinga ndi zomwe zinachitikira, zitsanzo ndi opanga zinthu kuposa momwe amachitira. Ubwino waukulu wa malonda ogulitsira ndi, komabe, kuti amapita kunyumba kwa makasitomala, amayesa malowo ndiyeno amapereka kupereka, kapena amapereka kupereka ndi kuika waya.

Ubwino wa malonda ogulitsa:

  • Zambiri zamaphunziro
  • Zokambirana za kusankha pa malo omwe mungathe
  • Kutumiza ndi kuyika mafayili pa tsamba ndi wogulitsa

Kwa malonda a pa intaneti, akuti pali zopereka zazikulu ndipo mitengo imakhala yochepa kwambiri. Komabe, simungathe kuyembekezera wina kuti adziwe chomwe chiri chipangizo chabwino kwambiri pazomwe mumapanga munda wanu kapena chithandizo chokhazikitsa. Kugula kudzera pa intaneti ndi funso, ngati mukudziwa ndondomeko yomwe mukufuna, ndipo mukhoza kuisunga nokha.

Ubwino wa malonda a intaneti:

  • Kusankhidwa kwakukulu
  • Mitengo yapansi
  • Kutumiza mwamsanga

Otsogolera otsogolera Rasenmährobotern

Kugwiritsa ntchito payekha mmalo mwa Bigmow akubwera - wamphamvu kwambiri mower dziko. Izi ndi zabwino kwambiri, koma zimapangidwira kumadera ozungulira 20.000 mita mamita.

Viking, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za 80, imapanga zogwiritsa ntchito zamasamba ndikugulitsa ma robot. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofanana pakati pa malo oyamba omwe angapezeke.

Bungwe lodziwika bwino la Bosch limaperekanso ma robot. Awa ndiwo amodzi mwa ophunzira apamwamba ndipo adagulidwanso kumbali.

Masewera awiriwa ndi Gardena ndi Husqvarna. Ngakhale kuti Gardena amadziwika bwino mu buku la bukuli ndi zipangizo zamaluwa, Husqvarna amadziwika kwambiri ndi zovuta zogwirira ntchito. Zonsezi zimakhala nthawi zonse poyerekezera ndi ma makina onse omwe akufuna. Husqvarna ali ndi moyo wautali komanso khalidwe labwino, komanso mtengo wapamwamba.

Kuwonjezera pamenepo, ma robot abwino amapezeka kuchokera ku Al-Ko, Ambogio, Friendly Robotics, Honda ndi Sabo komanso Stiga ndi Wolf komanso Worx.

Wissenswertes za mower

The Beginnings

Kuchokera pakati pa zaka za 90 kupita patsogolo, m'minda, wina anawona mvula yopanga udzu ndipo osati nthawi zambiri anthu adayima pa mpanda kuti ayamikire luso lamakonoli. Ng'ombe zambiri sizinawoneke moipa, zomwe mwadzidzidzi zinalipo, omwe ankafuna kutsutsa munda.

Robot yoyamba "yoyamba" ndiyo Automobile G1 kuchokera ku Electrolux ndi Husqvarna. Pakuti ndiye woyamba kubwerera ku Ladestation pamene adayenera kubwezeretsedwa. Ichi chinali chachilendo chomwe chinagwedeza udzu wokha kwa nthawi yoyamba, wopanda thandizo laumunthu, ngati wina sakanyalanyaza kusamalira ndi kutumiza.

Okonza ambiri amakhutitsidwa ndi zochitika zawo ndi chilolezo chotsimikiziridwa. Makamaka Husqvarna Automover ndi Friendly Robotics Wamphamvu ndi ena mwa makampani ena.

Kuwombera mphoti kapena mafuta osowa mafuta?

Kupatulapo Chizoloŵezi cha robot yotchetcha ambiri amadzifunsa ngati pali zowonjezera kapena zovuta za robot motsutsana ndi ntchito yabwino ya petrol lawnmower.

Kugula kumatanthawuza momveka bwino kwa mafuta a lawnmower, chifukwa amafunika ndalama zochepa za robot yabwino.

Kuti robot ikhale ndi zotsatira zabwino zowonongeka ndi danga laling'ono kuti chipangizo chiyankhule. Komanso, kuti palibe udzu wa udzu umene uyenera kuchotsedwa.

Nanga bwanji za chilengedwe ndi zofunikira? Pachilengedwe, robot ili ndi mphuno. Chifukwa mafuta a lawnmower amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochotsa mpweya wotentha, zomwe sizili bwino kwa chilengedwe. Robot yotchetcha imagwiritsa ntchito magetsi ndipo imatsuka. Iwo amawoneka kuti ndi othandiza ndi ofatsa.

Kusungirako kwa Rasenmähroboters

Bwanji za kusamalira? Monga munthu wamba wamaluwa amafunika kulima, aliyense amene ali ndi munda amadziwa. Koma kukonza kumene robot yokwera mtengo sikungathe kunyalanyazidwa.

Kamodzi pa sabata, robot iyenera kutsukidwa ndipo mipeni idzayang'aniridwa. Izi ziyenera kutengedwera pamene zikhale zosasangalatsa, zomwe zimawoneka mofulumira mu zotsatira zowonongeka.

Beteli ndi mbali ya robot, yomwe iyenera kuvala. Izi nthawi zambiri zimatha zaka zingapo, koma siziyenera kuzizira m'nyengo yozizira malingana ndi malangizo a wopanga. Chipinda chapansi pa nyumbayi chiribe bwino kuposa chipinda cham'munda, chifukwa madigiri ochuluka kwambiri kwa nthawi yaitali amayambitsa batiri nthawi zonse.

Kotero kuti udzu umakhala wokongola ...

Zimadziwika kuti udzu sumangokhala patsogolo panu ndikuwoneka wokongola. Malinga ngati udzu unkagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chakudya cha nyama, sizilibe kanthu momwe zinakhalira mofanana. Koma lero, pamene udzu umangokhala wokongola, udzuwo uyenera kukula mwakuya komanso mofanana, ukadali waufupi ndi wolima.

Robot yotchetchera imaphatikizapo kutero, chifukwa kudula kwake nthawi zonse kumapangitsa udzu kukhala wabwino ndikuonetsetsa maonekedwe abwino. Komabe, udzu wambiri umakhala ndi kusowa kwa zakudya. Awa ndi nayitrogeni, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu. Udzu wapadera wa feteleza wautali umatsimikizira kuti udzu umawoneka wabwino ndikukula mofulumira.

Der kutsika kwa udzu, yomwe imapezeka ndi makina opukuta ndi robot, imatchulidwanso feteleza anatchula. Chifukwa pamene izi zatsalira pa udzu, udzu ndi wabwino ndipo ukhoza kuyamwa zakudyazo, kupatulapo kuti kudula sikuyenera kutayidwa.

Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito robot yotereyi, mukhoza kuchita bwino pa udzu wanu, koma musaiwale kuti ngati mukukhala ndi chilala cha nthawi yaitali muyenera kuthirira madzi. Pamene maluwa ndi zomera zina zimatsanulidwa nthawi zambiri, udzu umakumbukika nthawi zambiri.

Kuwongolera kusinthanitsa mpweya ndi mphatso ya Madzi ndi feteleza ayenera kuwonetsedwa kamodzi pachaka. Izi ndi chifukwa chakuti udzu umamveka ndipo mitsinje imachotsedwa ndipo udzu ukhoza kupuma kachiwiri. Gawoli ndilofunika kwambiri mukamagwiritsa ntchito robot, chifukwa izi "zidzathyola" kudula nsonga zing'onozing'ono za udzu kumadontho, komwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala feteleza. Komabe, pakakhala nyengo yosasangalatsa, wina amafunikanso kuti azichotsedwa.

Mafunso amenewa nthawi zambiri amakambirana mower pa

Ndi liti pamene kuli kofunika mower?

Kwenikweni, nthawi iliyonse kutchera udzu ndi kovuta kapena nthawi sikokwanira. Makamaka zowononga odwala ndi mpumulo weniweni.

Kodi wogwira ntchitoyo amadziwa bwanji komwe angayendetse galimoto komanso kuti?

Kawirikawiri, chingwe choperekera chimayikidwa. Izi zimasinthidwa kuti zitheke ndipo zimaonetsetsa kuti miyendo ya robot imayenda ndi mabedi. Amayima m'mitengo kapena m'mayesero omwe ali m'munda.

Kodi muyenera kuchita chiyani mvula?

Panopa akugwedeza ma robot ndi mvula yamvula. Ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito sitima yotsatsa, ndipo izi sizimasiya "makompyuta", kapena kubwerera kumeneko pamene akuyamba kugwa pansi. Ngati wogwira ntchitoyo alibe chimbudzi chotere, ndibwino kuti achotse pamwamba kuti ateteze. Koma makamaka, wogwira ntchitoyo akhoza kugwira ntchito mvula.

Kodi myoti angadziwe bwanji kumene sanakhaleko?

Mowers amayendetsa molingana ndi mfundo yowopsya. Amaonetsetsa kuti adatsiriza malo onsewa. Mwamwayi atangoyima, mwachitsanzo chifukwa mtengo umayima panjira, umachoka ndikupita kwinakwake.

Kodi ndikudziwa bwanji momwe ndilili wamphamvu? mower ayenera kukhala?

Ojambula akuwonetsa pa zipangizozo, chifukwa dothi la udzu ndi loyenera. Ambiri amasiyanitsa pakati pa 500 mita mamita, pakati pa 500 ndi 1.000 mita mamita ndi pamwamba. Ngati wina aganizira mawu awa, timapanga mvula, malo onse kuti ayendetse.

Kodi ndimatani ndi malo otsetsereka m'munda?

Ngati izi sizoposa 35% mkulu, ndiye kuti mwachidziŵikire izo zimapanga robot iliyonse yotchetcha. Ngati ndizowonjezereka, munthu ayenera kuwonetsa izi kwa wogulitsa ndikugula chipangizo chapadera.

Ndimasuntha chingwe chotani?

Choncho kuti mvulayo isapangire konkire, matabwa kapena pulasitiki, chotsani mtunda wapadera ndi malo ake ochepa. Kawirikawiri, kuchepetsa waya ndi zipangizo zofunikira zikuphatikizidwa muzomwe zimagwirira ntchito.

Tsenga: akazipatsa ndi udzu m'mphepete kotero mosabisa kuti m'mphepete kutsogolo kwa mower ndi, Makina mukhoza kutchetcha kumapeto ndipo palibe m'mbali kuti ayenera nachgemäht.

kufa Mitsulo ikhoza kuyendetsedwa pa udzu kapena pansipa. Kuya kwake kungakhale kwa cm 10, apa muyenera kuyang'ana bukuli. Kenaka waya sakuwoneka komanso samangodumpha. Komabe, wina sangathe kuwongolera, ngati chinachake chikusintha pabedi, osayambiranso kuchira.

Kodi mphamvu ya chipangizo chotereyi ndi yotani?

Muzochitika zowonongeka, wogwilitsila nchitoyo sayenera kukwera kuposa woyambitsa mpweya ndipo motero asokoneze mwiniwake kapena oyandikana naye. Sitingathe kuyerekezera ndi mlimi wokhoma.

Kutsiliza

Zonsezi, robot yotchetcha ndi chinthu chabwino mukakhala ndi udzu waukulu. Koma simuyenera kuiwala kuyang'ana ndi kumusamalira.

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