zithunzi Makadi

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Khadi lojambula zithunzi ndi fanesi

zithunzi Makadi Kutha Kwakukulu - ndi mphamvu yonse

Kodi mumakonda kusewera ndi masewera apamwamba? Ndiye muyenera kupita kumapeto zithunzi Makadi anapereka. Ndi khadi lojambula, zoyembekezera zanu zovuta zimakwaniritsidwa. Ndi amphamvu kwambiri zithunzi Makadi ndi ntchito yapadera. Kodi khadi lojambula zithunzi ndi loyenera ndi liti, ndipo ndi makadi ati apamwamba omwe ali ndi makadi?

Kodi ndi chiyani? zithunzi Makadi?

Mu kompyutayi, zojambulazo zowonongeka zimayang'aniridwa ndi khadi lojambula. Pulogalamu ikatha, purosesa imawerengetsa deta ndikupita nayo ku khadi la graphics. Izi zimasintha deta kuti pulojekiti kapena pulogalamuyo ikhale ndi chithunzi. zithunzi Makadi zili kale pa bolodi lalikulu mu chipset, kapena zimagwirizana ndi izi monga makadi okulitsa PC. Masiku ano zigawo zikuluzikulu za zojambulazo zimakhala kale mbali ya opanga mapulogalamu. Zachigawo zazikulu za khadi la graphics zimaphatikizapo RAMDAC, kugwirizana kwapadera, GPU, ndi RAM.

Kusankhidwa kwa khadi loyenera lojambula zithunzi: Ndi liti loyenera kwa inu?

Posankha makhadi oyenera a makhadi, kusankha ndiko kwakukulu. Pali mapu osiyanasiyana omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyana, kapena apangidwira kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ena. Pokhapokha mtengo umene uli kale umati zambiri zokhudza khadi la graphics. Izi zimapatsa makadi kuti adziwe. Choncho musanagule khadi lojambula zithunzi, muyenera kuganizira zomwe mukufunikira. Kodi ndi khadi liti lofunika lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito PC yanu.

Mapeto - zithunzi Makadi

Khadi yamakina otchuka kwambiri ndi yabwino kwa osewera. Angathe kusewera masewera omwe ali ndi makonzedwe apamwamba chifukwa ali ndi makadi amphamvu kwambiri. Amapereka ntchito yabwino kwambiri ya 3D chifukwa ali ndi mphamvu zambiri. Musanafike Makhadi ojambula kwambiri apamwamba Muyenera kukumbukira kuti imatenthetsanso mphamvu zambiri, chifukwa zimapatsa mphamvu zambiri kuposa zowonongeka zithunzi Makadi, Izi zikutanthauza kuti pulogalamu yowonongeka ya pulogalamuyo siikwanira, chifukwa izi zimangopatsa 75 Watt. Chifukwa chake muyenera kugwirizanitsa limodzi limodzi ndi awiri, limodzi ndi 75 Watt, lomwe limapereka khadi lojambula ndi mphamvu yowonjezera. Ponseponse, makonzedwe okwanira akuyenera kulingalira chifukwa makompyuta onse, kapena dongosolo lonse, akusowa chitsimikizo chamakono. Akulimbikitsidwa ndi mphamvu zamphamvu zokhuzana ndi 450 Watt, zomwe zingapereke kompyuta ndi mphamvu zokwanira.

Opaleshoni ya angapo zithunzi Makadi panthawi imodzimodziyo ndi ntchito yochepa chabe, popeza si masewera onse omwe amasinthidwa kuti agwire ntchito zingapo za GPU. Kuphatikiza apo, ntchito yogwira ntchito zingapo zithunzi Makadi, ziribe kanthu kaya kudzera pa Nevada - SLI kapena AMD - Crossfire, sichiwonjezeka nthawi yomweyo. Phindu lopindula la khadi lapamwamba lojambula zithunzi ndilokulu kwambiri. Kotero muyenera kukhala ndi 350 Euro yogula. Makamaka ngati mukufuna kusewera masewera ndi mapulogalamu apamwamba pa PC, simuyenera kusunga pa khadi la graphics, chifukwa izi zimatsimikizira kuti mumakonda bwanji kusewera. Ed amapereka zitsanzo, zomwe zili ndi mapulogalamu awiri, GPU. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti ntchito idzaphanso. Kuwonjezeka kwenikweni ndi pafupifupi 25 kwa 50 peresenti. Khadi lojambula zithunzi zapamwamba limapereka ntchito yabwino ndipo imakhala yotentha. Malangizo ndi kumanga kozizira komwe kumakhala ndi mafani angapo, pafupifupi awiri kapena atatu.

zithunzi khadi pamtundu wotsiriza

Chitsanzo okwezeka - kumapeto - osiyanasiyana kupereka nkhokwe mphamvu imene pixels ndi okwanira kwa polojekiti ndi 2.560 1.440 ×, kapena X 2.560 1.600. makadi zimenezi ndi oyenera owerenga amene ntchito ndi 3.440 1.440 × pixels. Ndi khadi lojambula bwino lochokera ku 400 Euro lingagwiritsenso ntchito Ultra - HD. Komabe, musaganize kuti masewera aliwonse amangopita bwino. Zingakhale kuti ndiye mukufunika kuchepetsa pang'ono kapena kutsogolera.

akulimbikitsidwa Mkulu-mapeto zithunzi makadi kuchokera ku 300 Euro

Monga tanenera kale, osewera sayenera kusunga makadi a graphics. Makhadi okwera mapeto amayamba pafupi ndi 300 Euro. Akumwamba amatsegula zonse zithunzi Makadi, zomwe zili pamtunda wa 300 Euro. Mwa mkulu - kumapeto - zitsanzo ndi za GeForce GTX 1070 ndi 8.192 MiByte kwa 380 mayuro, ndi GeForce GTX 1080 komanso ndi 8.192 MiByte kwa 480 mayuro, ndi Radeon R9 nano ndi 4.096 MiByte kwa 540 mayuro, ndi titaniyamu XP ndi 12.288 Mibyte pa 1.349 Euro.

Zitsanzo zabwino za 2015 ndi 2016

Mu June 2015 anaphatikizapo GeForce GTX Titan X ndi GeForce GTX 980 Ti kuchokera ku Nvidia kupita ku zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri. Zonsezi ndi GM200 - 310 - A1 chip, yomwe imapangidwa mu 28 Nanometer. Gulu la 12 GB liri ndi Titan X. GTX 980 Ti, pambali inayo, ili ndi 6 GB RAM yekha. Mu May 2016, Nvidia adayambitsa GeForce 1080, yopangidwa mu 16 Nanometers, ndi GTX 1070. Chosintha chatsopano chatsopano, GDDR5X, chinagwiritsidwa ntchito, chomwe chiyenera kupereka makadi apamwamba kwambiri. Kumbali ina, AMD mpikisano ikuyambitsa Radeon R9 Fury X ndi Fiji XT chip. Izi zimapangidwa mu ndondomeko ya kapangidwe ka nanometer ya 28. The Radeon R9 Fury X ili ndi 4 Gbyte VRAM. Mosiyana ndi GDDR5 - VRAM kuchokera ku Nvidia, Fury X imagwiritsa ntchito High Bandwidth Memory. Izi zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi mawonekedwe apamwamba kuposa chikumbukiro cha GDDR5. Chifukwa cha ichi ndikutayidwa kwa kukumbukira kukumbukira. Kuphatikizanso, zolembazo zimagwirizanitsidwa kudzera pazitsulo ziwiri ndi ma 128 bits. AMD inamasula khadi lojambula zithunzi m'ma midzi ya June 2016. Pakati pa zojambulazo za Polaris, Radeon RX 480 inayambitsidwa kumsika. GPU ili ndi chikumbutso cha 4.000 Megahertz, ngakhale ngakhale 8.000 Megahertz, komanso nthawi yowonjezera ya 1266 Megahertz. Radeon ali ndi zithunzi za GDDR5 zojambula ndi 8 Gigabyte. The GeForce GTX 1060 ndi mpikisano wachindunji wa RX 480. The Radeon R9 Fury X inakwera masewera ndi chisankho cha 4K kuposa Geforce - zithunzi Makadi, Madzi ozizira a Fury X, komabe, nthawi zambiri ankatulutsa phokoso lokhumudwitsa kwambiri mndandanda woyamba. Izi zinayambitsa madandaulo ambiri. Pokonzanso mapu, AMD inapereka madzi ozizira bwino.

Tsogolo liri ndi 8 GiByte

Kodi mungakonde kugwiritsa ntchito zithunzi khadi lanu kuposa miyezi ingapo, ndiye muyenera kusankha chitsanzo ndi osachepera 8 GiByte. Potaya kuchuluka kwa zithunzi kukumbukira, pali vuto pakati: The mlingo chimango basi dontho ndakatulo pa mwala. Chisanafike kuti, kuti FPS kuswa tcheru, kulola wosuta masewera Modern palibe mulingo pazipita khalidwe zambiri menyu kapena mwadzidzidzi adzaonetsa mwatsatanetsatane. Ngakhale 4 GiByte zambiri alibe vuto zoyezeka, koma iwo musaike masewera atsopano mu zotheka wabwino ndi. Ngakhale zithunzi khadi GTX 980 Ti kapena GTX 1060 ali yense okonzeka ndi 6 GiByte. Komabe, zizindikiro izi choyamba cha kufooka kukumbukira, malinga ndi Special wa PCGH mu linanena bungwe 12 / 2016.

Zosiyana zapamwamba - zithunzi Makadi 2017 poyerekeza

Mwezi ingapo yapitayo, pakhala kugula mitengo, malinga ndi zomwe GeForce GTX 1070 ndi GTX 1080 zili ndi chiŵerengero chabwino cha mtengo / ntchito. Panopa palibe njira zina zothandizira Radeon. The Radeon R9 Fury X kuphatikizapo Fiji GPU yakhala yamtundu wa AMD. Iyi inali khadi yoyamba yamakono ndi High Bandwidth Memory. Komabe, izi zikhoza kusunga magulu ambiri a masamu pamagulu akuluakulu. Kotero izo zingathe kukhala ndi GTX 1060 yodulidwa ndi 6 GiByte, komabe, khadi lafooketsedwa, chifukwa ilo likudya zambiri zamakono. Ngati ndi khadi lachidindo kuchokera ku AMD, ndiye kuti muyenera kusankha RX 580 yopambana kwambiri. Kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa August AMD akuyembekezera Radeon RX Vega mu mpikisano wopambana Makhadi ojambula kwambiri apamwamba kupita. The Radeon R9 Nano, yomwe ndi Fiji, imayambitsa miyezo yosiyana, koma 2017 ikadali yovomerezeka. Njira yamakonoyi imachokera ku khadi lachangu Fury X. Ntchitoyi ikufanana ndi RX 580 OC kapena GTX 1060 OC. Kusindikizidwa ndi lonse mu 15,3 sentimenti yochepa, yomwe ndi ITX - yoyenera. Komabe, khadiyi imapanga phokoso lalikulu mokakamizidwa. Kuwombera uku kukufuula kwa 2,5 Yokha. Kuonjezera apo, khadi ili limakhala loposa mtengo chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa nkhaniyi. Zowonjezereka kwambiri, mofulumira mofulumira, koma mofuula mofanana ndi Geforce GTC 1070 ITX OC kuchokera ku Gigabyte. Izi zimabweretsa maulendo apamwamba kwambiri, monga GTX 1070 Founder 's Edition. Komabe, kugwiritsira ntchito mphamvu sikusintha ndipo kuli pafupi 150 Watt.

Zithunzi za Makhadi a zithunzi zam'mwamba - Okonda

Khadi yatsopano yojambula zithunzi kuchokera ku Nvidia, Titan Xp, ili ndi chiwerengero cha 100. Ngakhale kuti zimapangitsa izi kukhala zamphamvu kwambiri, chiŵerengero cha mtengo / chiyero ndi chosauka, khadi liri ndi mtengo wonyada wa 1.349 Euro. GeForce GTX 1080 Ti imapereka ntchito yofanana, yomwe imapereka pafupifupi 95 peresenti ya mphamvu yotchedwa Titan Xp. Komabe, mtengo khadi lachidindo lachiwiri kwambiri pa msika yekha 680 Euro. Kugwira ntchito pang'ono kuposa Titan Xp kumakupatsani inu, ngati mumasankha wopanga kapangidwe ka GTX 1080 Ti.

akatswiri zithunzi Makadi kwa GIS / CAD

Makhadi apamwamba amaphatikizapo omwe apangidwa ku ntchito za GIS ndi CAD. Amapereka ntchito zomwe zili zofunika kwambiri kwa GIS ndi CAD. Pa khadi lachidindo la zithunzi, mungathe kuzigwiritsa ntchito pang'onopang'ono, chifukwa zimangosinthidwa pano. Komabe, katswiri wa chipangizo cha 3DLabs amapanga bizinesi 2006. Kuyambira pamenepo Nvidia yekha ndi AMD, koma pansi pa dzina ATI, perekani zothetsera zomwe zikutanthauza gawo la ntchito ya OpenGL. Pachifukwa ichi, amagwiritsa ntchito zochokera ku makhadi a makhadi a masewera. Kuti awagwiritse ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito CAD ndi GIS, zipsu zimakonzedweratu ndi dalaivala komanso ROM zomwe zasinthidwa kuti zikhale zoyenera kuimira 2 - kufotokozera kwa OpenGL. Madalaivala a makhadi amathandizira kukonza mapulogalamu ojambula zithunzi komanso mamiliyoni a mizere yowonongeka. Ngakhale zipangizo pakati pa zida za OpenGL ndi zida za 3D zosewera zimasiyana kokha, mtengo wa katswiri wamakina ndi wapamwamba kwambiri. Chifukwa chake ndi kukwanitsa kwa madalaivala, mu SRAM okwera mtengo kwambiri, omwe makadi ena ali nawo, komanso mu utumiki wambiri wa makasitomala. Kuwonjezera apo, makadi ali ndi zina zowonjezera, monga DisplayPort connectors, zomwe zimalola kuyang'ana ndi magwero ambiri a zithunzithunzi kapena kugwiritsa ntchito gamut wambiri.

Khadi lapadera lojambula kwa OpenGL

Kuwonjezera pa makadi a DirectX omwe tatchulidwa pamwambapa, palinso makadi omwe amathandiza makamaka kugwiritsa ntchito OpenGL. Makhadi oterewa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'deralo. Kwa osewera izi sizosangalatsa kwenikweni, chifukwa masewera ambiri amathandiza DirectX. lililonse Khadi lojambula zithunzi DirectX tsopano akugwiritsanso ntchito OpenGL.

zithunzi Makadi: Mavuto a mapulogalamu

Makhadi ambiri a mafilimu masiku ano amalola kuwonetsa kosavuta mavidiyo pa kompyuta ndi hardware kuthamanga. Komanso, ambiri ali zithunzi Makadi kulumikizana kwina kwa TV. Izi zimapangitsa kuti kugwirizanitsa makompyuta ku VCR kapena TV. Komabe, ena ogulitsa amaletsa kugwirizana kwa zonsezi kudzera mwa madalaivala a zithunzi Makadi, kapena ndi zithunzi Makadi yokha. Kotero, pamene mukusewera mavidiyo, mwachitsanzo, mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe akuwoneka, koma vidiyo yomweyi siili. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi Linux. Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa XVideo kumagwira ntchito pazowonongeka pa kompyuta, mwachitsanzo, poyang'ana. Woyendetsa fglrx kuchokera ku AMD ndi vuto la konkire la vutoli. Izi zingasokonezedwe ngati mutseka nthawi ya hardware kuti muyambe kujambula mavidiyo. Komabe, kanema pachifukwa ichi sichikutsitsimutsanso madzi. Zoganiza kuti izi zimateteza chitetezo. Vuto lina ndi mapulogalamu a makadiwa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito makadi angapo oyenera a VGA, monga momwe zingakhalire pa ma PCI. Njira yogwiritsira ntchito sichikuthandizira kuphatikiza kwaulere kuno, ngakhale ngati ndi makadi ochokera kwa wopanga yemweyo. Komabe, mutha kuthetsa vutoli mwa kukonzanso ROM pa khadi la zithunzi.

Zogulitsa kwambiri. 1
MSI GeForce GT 710 2GD3H LP DDR3 kuwonetsera
  • Chip: GK208 - GeForce GT 710 "Kepler 2.0"
  • Nthawi ya Chip: 954MHz, Kulimbikitsidwa: N / A
  • Kumbukumbu: 2GB DDR3, 800MHz, 64bit, 12.8GB / s
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 2
MSI NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti Gaming X XMUMGG khadi khadi (GDDR4, HDMI, DP, DL-DVI-D, Afterburner OC, VR-Ready) chizindikiro chakuda
  • PCIE 3.0 / 4 GB GDDR5 128bit; Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu (W): 75 W; Zothandizidwa zopezeka (W): 300 W
  • Mafupipafupi othamanga: 1379 MHz
  • Maximum Turbo Clock: 1493 MHz
  • Mapulogalamu oyendetsa: 768
  • DVI + HDMI + DP
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 3
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 4
MSI V341-236R Radeon RX 570 Nkhondo 8G OC zithunzi zojambula khadi lakuda / chofiira
  • Zaka za 10 za moyo pazomwe zilipo
  • Chitsulo cha aluminium kuti chikhale cholimba
  • M'munsi kutentha ndi apamwamba bwino
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 5
MSI GeForce GT 1030 2GH LP OC 2GB NVIDIA GDDR5 1x HDMI, DP 1x, 2 kagawo Low Proflie, Afterburner OC, Kutentha Sink zithunzi khadi kuwonetsera
  • Chip: GP108-300-A1 "Pascal"
  • Nthawi ya Chip: 1265MHz, kulimbikitsa: 1518MHz
  • Kumbukumbu: 2GB GDDR5, 1500MHz, 64bit, 48GB / s
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 6
Achisanu Bokosi PCI Express khadi, M.2 NVMe SSD PCIe adaputala 3.0, coolers, LED kuyatsa, M kiyi 2230, 2242, 2260, 2280, wakuda kuwonetsera
  • Amakonza makompyuta ndipo amalola kugwiritsa ntchito a M.2 NVMe SSD paulendo wopambana
  • PCIe adaputala 1x PCIe 3.0 x4 anaika (32 Gbit / s) kagawo - 2 wakuda kagawo m'mabokosi kwa ogwiritsa m'gulu (80 mamilimita otsika mbiri ndi 120 mamilimita Full mbiri)
  • Amathandiza 1x M.2 NVMe (PCIe) kukumbukira gawo ndi M-Ofunika ndi makulidwe a 22 30 X mm, X 22 42 mm, 22 × 60 mamilimita ndi 22 80 X mamilimita
  • Zowonjezera zazikulu zamtundu wa aluminium heatsink, 3 zamapiritsi otentha ndi golide omwe ali pamwamba pake amapereka chisanu ndi kuteteza kutaya kwa ntchito
  • Zojambula zokongoletsera zopangidwa ndi akrisitiki galasi ndi buluu LED zowunikira zimapereka chithunzi chowonekera
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 7
ASUS ROG Strix Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070S Advanced 8G Gaming Super Graphics Card (PCIe 3.0, 8GB DDR6 Memory, HDMI, Displayport, USB Type-C) Display
  • Kupanga kwa Axial Tech kumakhala kaphokoso kakang'ono kamene kamalola kuti kumalize ma fan azitali komanso mphete yotseka yomwe imakweza kuthamanga kwa mpweya
  • Ukadaulo wa 0dB umatsimikizira phokoso lotsika mumasewera osafuna kwambiri
  • Mapangidwe a 2,7 slot amathandizira mawonekedwe ozizira kuti apindule kwambiri ndi mafani atatu amphamvu a axial
  • Ndi wapawiri BIOS mutha kusintha pakati pa mbiri ya BIOS Quiet ndi Performance popanda pulogalamu
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 8
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 9
Sapphire Radeon RX 580 8GD5 Nitro + Lite Yogulitsa 11265-01-20G, 8GBDiplay
  • Chip: Polaris 20 XTX (Ellesmere XTX) "GCN Gen4"
  • Nthawi ya Chip: 1257MHz, kulimbikitsa: 1411MHz
  • Kumbukumbu: 8GB GDDR5, 2000MHz, 256bit, 256GB / s
Zogulitsa kwambiri. 10
MSI GeForce GTX 1050 TI 4GT LP 4GB Nvidia GDDR5 1x HDMI, 1x DP, 1x DL-DVI-D, 2 Slot Proflie, Afterburner OC, Nvidia G-Sync, Display Card Card
  • Chip: GP107-400-A1 "Pascal"
  • Nthawi ya Chip: 1290MHz, kulimbikitsa: 1392MHz
  • Kumbukumbu: 4GB GDDR5, 1752MHz, 128bit, 112GB / s
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